Tudungan is a Javanese slang word meaning shade. Based in Jakarta Indonesia, we are a not-for-profit organisation that creates sustainable urban shade solutions for Indonesia’s harsh hot climate from waste products. Tudungan works to give new life to waste materials which would otherwise end up on the streets and in our waterways.

Currently there is a huge problem with the disposal of waste in Indonesia. Companies use cheap petrochemical based plastic packaging in their products and advertise on plastic banners and billboards. Much of this waste is tossed on the street as there is very little protocol for the collection of waste, polluting the waterways and larger bodies of water that they flow into. Once this happens the rubbish breaks into unusable pieces which can take many generations to decompose. William Harris states in his article for ‘Science, How Stuff Works’ that petrochemical plastics “in warm water can degrade in as little as a year” which is much quicker than plastics in landfill however as the plastic degrades in the water it emits toxic chemicals that end up in the stomachs of marine animals and washed up on shores.

Tudungan aims to break the current life cycle of waste in Indonesia by taking the plastic waste off the streets before it reaches the waterways and is unable to be reused. We propose to do this by using Indonesia’s ‘trash pickers’ to sort through the waste for us and collect useable pieces of plastic that we are able to buy from them. Medina writes for United Nations University stating that “Scavenging is an important economic activity that provides income to over 15 million people worldwide… one percent of the urban population in developing countries makes a living from scavenging”. Through purchasing plastic from these people we provide an extra source of income for those who depend on sorting through rubbish in order to feed their families. We use this plastic waste to create a variety of different shade solutions for different demographics.



Our ‘Warung’ shade solution shown here today is made from used advertising banners. These banners have been printed on low quality plastic sheeting that tears quite easily – due to their single use production quality. By tearing the plastic sheeting along the grain and weaving these pieces together we have greatly increased the strength of the material and have stopped it from further tearing. Another of our shade solutions is the re-purposed Nipah weaving technique, used in many South-East Asian countries. This technique traditionally uses leaves from the nipah palm utilising the abundance of waste in urban environments and lack of traditional materials. The money generated from the sales of commercial umbrellas products provide us with the opportunity to educate local communities on integrating waste materials with traditional techniques, such as the nipah leaf waste substitute.

Upon visiting XS Project, Managing director Retno Hapsari (Hapsari with XS Project, 2015) explained their upcycling program used donated banners that were made from tough German plastic however, recently companies have been purchasing cheaper banner materials as they are more cost effective. Re-using this waste material has become problematic for XS project, as their products are typically bags that need to be able to withstand holding a certain amount of weight. Retno spoke about the aim of the initiative saying, “the idea is to extend the life of the trash, it’s all about the awareness” This message is intriguing and appealing – educating consumers while also sheltering them from the harsh Equatorial climate.

Retno Hapnari from XS Project
Retno Hapnari from XS Project

Tudungan creates products which effectively educate and prevent plastic waste entering waterways by moving the waste to a more sustainable path and extending its end-use. We are a collaborative organisation working hard to change the damaging way we consume and dispose of products and we encourage you to use our methods of up cycling within your own lives. With your cooperation and support we can change the fate of our aquatic bio systems and build a more responsible relationship with the waste we create.

Weaving using reused banners
Weaving using reused banners

image image

Bradley Saywell, Christian Rodriguez, Fransisca Nadya Atmadja, Bernadette Keil, Talia Jimenez & Olivia Chandra.


Hapsari, R. with XS Project (2015) ‘Plastic and Education’. Interview with 10 July,
Harris, W. (no date) How long does it take for plastics to biodegrade? Available at: http://science.howstuffworks.com/science-vs-myth/everyday-myths/how-long-does-it-take-for-plastics-to-biodegrade.htm (Accessed: 12 July 2015)
Indonesia (no date) Available at: http://www.habitat.org/where-we-build/indonesia (Accessed: 12 July 2015)
Nurbianto, B. (2003) ‘Winding road of Jakarta waste management’, The Jakarta Post, 22 June,
Pasang, H., Moore, G. A. and Sitorus, G. (1924) ‘Neighbourhood-based waste management: A solution for solid waste problems in Jakarta, Indonesia’, Waste Management, 27(12), pp. 1924–1938. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2006.09.010
Scrap and Trade: Scavenging Myths (no date) Available at: http://ourworld.unu.edu/en/scavenging-from-waste (Accessed: 12 July 2015)
SN, M. with XS Projects (2015) ‘XS Projects – Marketing Manager (Indonesia global visit)’. Interview with 10 July,
UN-HABITAT.:. Indonesia | Dubai International Award for Best Practices Winners | Integrated People-Driven Reconstruction in Post-Tsunami Aceh, Indonesia (no date) Available at: http://mirror.unhabitat.org/content.asp?cid=10296&catid=47&typeid=73 (Accessed: 12 July 2015)
XSProject Australia – the trash pickers (no date) Available at: http://www.xsproject.com.au/page/the_trash_pickers (Accessed: 12 July 2015)
(no date) Available at: http://ww2.unhabitat.org/mediacentre/documents/wuf2006/WUF%207.pdf (Accessed: 12 July 2015a)
(no date) Available at: http://english.forumfairtradeindonesia.org/members/xs-project/ (Accessed: 12 July 2015


Upstream is a dual product system that utilizes a modern filtering system and reusable bottle design for everyday access to clean drinking water. It was founded by a collaboration between Indonesian and Australian Students and is a not for profit organisation, working within university contexts across Indonesia. Upstream has taken a multidisciplinary approach to create a holistic design solution.

Screen shot 2015-07-13 at 4.26.43 PMScreen shot 2015-07-13 at 4.36.42 PM

Utilizing an innovative filtration system, tap water is made easily accessible in a communal tap design so students can take their reusable bottles, or recycle old plastic bottles to fill up and remain hydrated throughout the day.

The conceptualization and creation of Upstream was a direct response to the rapid and large-scale waste production of plastic in Indonesia that we noticed throughout this trip and in conversation with the UMN students. In Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice Tony Fry explains ‘We human beings live a contradiction. In our endeavor to sustain ourselves in the short term we collectively act in destructive ways towards the very things we and all other beings fundamentally depend upon’ (Fry 2009, p. 22). Having consumed 15.7 billion liters of water in 2009, Indonesia has emerged as the seventh-largest bottled market in the world. In the Asia Pacific, it is the second largest in terms of total bottled water consumption, coming second to China. Owing to the rising presence of contaminants in water and relatively low entry barriers, the Indonesian bottled water market is expected to register double-digit growth rates till 2016.

Apart from favorable economic factors, the market received a boost from the rising spending power of young urban consumers and improving health and safety awareness in the country. It is widely recognized that the large population of urban cities in Indonesia and enhanced health and water safety awareness are the key drivers of this market. Bottled water in Indonesia is a safer alternative to tap water for consumption, and the majority of the population considers it more affordable than residential water treatment equipment.

Upstream distributes and manages an infrastructure of clean water systems on university campuses. We provide pod style refillable water stations with an integrated filtration system that provides students easy, cost free access to clean tap water. Upstream also distributes compact reusable bottles constructed from recycled aluminum and plastic waste. These bottles were designed in conjunction with university students, in an effort to appeal to this demographic. Whilst further, the clean and modern aesthetic of our products establish upstream as an appealing brand for university students within the relatively untapped market of reusable drink bottles. Ultimately, the desirability and functionality of the upstream products aims to reduce single use plastic products.

Upstream is currently running a pilot program within UMN in Jakarta, with the intent to roll out across all Indonesian universities in the future. All of Upstream’s manufacturing will occur within Indonesia, as both a demonstration of Indonesia’s vast production capabilities and a means to support local economy.

Through an integrated social media campaign Upstream aims to engage with a wider audience as well as create a fun, engaged and rewarding experience with its users. The Upstream app utilizes a point system that rewards a user for refilling their Upstream bottle. This engagement of the user with the Upstream social media will assist in creating a movement where clean tap water is more readily used within Indonesia. The apps invitation system allows Upstream to remain situated within a university context while still engaging a wider Indonesian community to further build awareness and facilitate change.

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Through Upstream’s extensive research programs, it has been highlighted that Indonesia’s plastic waste is the second largest contributor globally. At the forefront of this is Danone Aqua, having held the monopoly on Indonesia’s clean water supply for 42 years it continues to control 60% of the clean water market. Upstream provides smaller communities with the power to control their own clean water supply and bypass the larger cooperation’s that permeate Indonesia’s deteriorating waste landscape.

As a not for profit organisation, upstream has designed its infrastructure to have specific advertising opportunities, allowing universities to implement their own branding within the products as a form of marketing strategy. This allows upstream to align with the shift towards running eco-orientated marketing campaigns. Upstream therefore provides universities with a project that is a part of their marketing campaign. This allows upstream to draw upon the pre-existing marketing budgets as a financial facilitator for the company.


Fry, T. 2009, Design Futuring: Sustainability, Ethics and New Practice, University of New South Wales Press Ltd, Sydney

Rodwan, J. 2013, Bottled Water 2013: Sustaining Vitality, International Bottled Water Association, United States, Viewed 11th of July 2014<http://www.bottledwater.org/public/2011%20BMC%20Bottled%20Water%20Stats_2.pdf#overlay-context=economics/industry-statistics>

Rappler, 2013, Indonesia is 2nd biggest source of plastic waste in seas’ Viewed 11th of July 2014 <http://www.rappler.com/world/regions/asia-pacific/indonesia/83831-indonesia-2nd-biggest-source-plastic-waste-seas>

Thomas, Kim, Jacquie and Caitlin.

Project – Max Collective

Sleeping pod in the tree
Sleeping pod in the tree

Indonesia, like many countries, faces the ongoing problem of waste management as municipal solid waste is increasing due to growth in consumption rates, population growth and economic growth, particularly in cities and urban areas. Lack of awareness of the importance of managing waste, compounded with inadequate waste management systems are resulting in overflowing landfill, pollution and degradation of natural resources such as waterways and farmland (Global Business Guide Indonesia 2015). For example, recent dredging of a waterway connected to a water bottling plant in Salatiga revealed a layer of compounded plastic approximately 10mm thick from inadequate waste disposal practises which resulted in plastic bags and bottles ending up in the water way (A. Lestarini 2015).

Lack of awareness and knowledge about where this waste goes, along with a lack of concern about the issue, has resulted in the majority of Indonesians disposing of all types of material, organic and inorganic, together into landfill where the sorting and recycling is unofficially dependant on waste pickers who earn a livelihood from reselling certain materials (Waste Management World 2015). One of the problems here lies in what to do with the materials that have no resell value. Items such as clear plastic bottles and metals are able to be resold to be recycled into new raw materials, but items such as plastic laundry detergent pouches and plastic food packages remain in landfill (R. Hapsari 2015). A major area of increased waste is of food packaging and household waste.

Wasted car seat covers waiting to be upcycled
Wasted car seat covers waiting to be upcycled

Retno Hapsari of XS Project believes that Indonesians have a single use and throw away culture driven by the desire to continually have newer, more prestigious products. Hapsari believes there is a stigma around reusing materials. Renowned Indonesian designer Singgih Kartono is trying to change the perception of bamboo by creating products such as a bamboo hat and bicycle, in the attempts to elevating the status of the material and create dialogue around the issues of waste and sustainable material use. By creating desirable objects from reused and sustainable materials, they’re not just reducing the impact on the environment from waste, but more importantly spreading awareness and educating the public about these issues (S. Kartono 2015).

As a response to this problem, our group has presented a new education initiative known as Max Collective (MC). MC is a NFP NGO aiming to educate young Indonesians about the national issue of waste management. The initiative is centred around changing perceptions of waste through engaging young people in design thinking workshops targeted at primary aged children.

Learning how to make paper pulp
Learning how to make paper pulp

As the inheritors of the waste problem in Indonesia, it is crucial to chance the stigma around waste products, and by teaching children ideas of upcycling, these workshops place new value on household waste. These workshops involve asking the children to collect selected common waste products over the course of approximately a month, and then holding a workshop day where the children can transform these materials into pencil holders. The workshop day involves presentations and a pencil-holder making workshop to educate and inspire the children, hopefully prompting them to bring a new, more sustainable perspective on waste management into the home.

By engaging in traditional and innovative ways of transforming this waste, such as through weaving and paper pulping, into pencil holders, these workshops not only educate youth on sorting waste, but get them intrigued and excited about their possibilities and potential. Through these workshops, MC hopes to transform the stigma surrounding waste in future generations.

Maria Papas | Eva Basford | Liam Oxley | Dehong Tay, Don

For More Information: http://liamoxley.wix.com/mac-collective


A. Lestarini 2015, pers. comm., 3 July

Department of Immigration 2011, Fact Sheet 1 – Immigration: The Background Part One, Canberra, viewed 5 March 2012,<http://www.immi.gov.au/media/fact-sheets/01

Global Business Guide Indonesia 2015, Sweeping Opportunities in Indonesia’s Waste Management Industry, viewed 11 July 2015, <http://www.gbgindonesia.com/en/main/business_updates/2014/upd_sweeping_opportunities_in_indonesia_s_waste_management_industry.php&gt;

Surabaya Eco School 2015, Profile, viewed 11 July 2015, <http://tunashijau.org/category/surabaya-eco-school/&gt;

S. Kartono 2015, pers. comm., 4 July

R. Hapsari 2015, pers. comm., 10 July

R. Ardianto 2015, pers. comm., 3 July

Waste Management World 2015, Injury time for Indonesian Landfills, viewed 11 July 2015, <http://www.waste-management-world.com/articles/print/volume-14/issue-2/features/injury-time-for-

Changing Roots


Changing roots is a non-profit organization of young environmental activists. We have a vision in educating children and young adults about the positive effects of waste management in the home across Indonesia. Our purpose is to focus on educating the younger generation of ways to achieve sustainable waste and resource management through providing educational workshops and resources.

We drew inspiration from designers and environmental activists who have educated us on how to use sustainable design to motivate change in communities, showing the importance of environmental awareness.

Singgih Karton from Kandangan village reinforced the concept of building a sustainable future in the village through the idea of combining modern knowledge and concepts with traditional ideas and materials. We researched further into the concepts about educating lower demographic communities about sustainability and waste management.

This led us to Dr. Michael Ricos, a medical researcher who developed a method for educating Indonesian communities about the health effects of dioxins from openly burning off rubbish (Ricos, 2010). We used this knowledge of educating within a small community or kampung to establish the foundations for our non-profit organization.

After spending a week learning and participating in upcycling workshops with sustainable design initiative Sapu, we learnt how to give new purpose to obsolescent products. We saw how effective this process could be and sought to apply it to our own design concepts.

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‘Upcycle’ sign at Sapu Workshop

We developed a concept reflecting the cycle of growth and rejuvenation. In conversation with permaculturalist Aji Sudarmaji, we were surprised to find out that many people in Indonesia have lost interest in growing their own produce at home. Farmers now use the fastest and most cost effective solutions, regardless of the hazards to the environment and their own health.

XS Project is a non-profit organisation who’s mission is to improve the quality of life for Jakarta’s trash pickers and their families (XS project, 2015). Their manager Retna discussed the difficulties in educating older generations who have little regard for the environment. She expressed that teaching a younger generation is more effective in creating change. For this reason we have decided to target our concept towards children and young adults who are able to reinforce these sustainable practices.

The observations we made during our travels throughout Indonesia made us increasingly aware of the day-to-day issues regarding the availability of clean water and waste disposal. The attitude of this local culture suggests there is a lack of awareness and education as well as segregation between social classes. This in turn has a detrimental effect on ecosystems, the environment and especially people’s health.

Reflective of the large consumerism lifestyle in Indonesia, we found many products are excessively packaged creating unnecessary waste, which will inevitably end up in landfill.

Drawing from this knowledge we pursued the idea of upcycling products for the garden to educate people about healthier and more environmentally friendly practices. To relate our concept to local culture we chose to focus on upcycling household products through a range of DIY projects. These focus on building the skills of workshop participants broadening their knowledge about sustainable waste management.

Our organisation produces a zine like magazine that raises environmental awareness through workshops in small communities and reaches a wider audience through social media campaigns. Maintaining relationships with elders and communities is also vital for the reinforcement of environmental awareness in these areas. ­­­

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our first zine featuring 6 design products focusing on gardening.

Through this organisation we are confident our work will create a positive cycle of knowledge that is able to be passed down to future generations.

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the Changing Roots team before the presentation with all of our products.


Dr. M, Ricos, 2010, Burning Rubbish Poisoning Your Community, Indonesia Matters, < http://www.indonesiamatters.com/8835/rubbish-burning/>, viewed 12 July 2015.

XS project, 2015, Help Two ”At Risk’ Teens Learn Organic Farming, Global Giving, <https://www.globalgiving.org/microprojects/help-two-at-risk-teens-to-learn-organic-farming/&gt;, viewed 11 July 2015.

Shift Collective Project

Waste pollution is having a detrimental effect on our planet, compromising the safety of living environments, water quality and ultimately the future of our planet (Hoornweg et al Bhada-Tata 2012 ). Due to Indonesia’s coastal location, vast population and varied socio economic statuses, changing waste attitudes here is crucial.

Our project looks at education and awareness to combat the environmental issues being faced in Indonesia, focusing specifically on university students as the target of this project. Through education we are able to address waste and pollution in a holistic way. This is achieved through linking everyday practise to its environmental consequence and highlighting the changes that can be made on an individual level here in Indonesia.

‘Shift Collective’ is a program built on the culture of university communities and the spaces they occupy. It allows students to apply their intrinsic understanding of local cultures and social practice to a multitude of platforms to envision real change. As participating students move on in their future career, our program aims to equip them with a more fruitful understanding of sustainability, and, in turn, prevent the continued production of non-recycable materials and mismanaged waste.

Our website ShiftCollective.com serves as a centralised hot spot for all information. Students can access programs, event and competitions and interact with our online community. Our website showcases information on environmental issues relevant to the local area as well as those being faced on a global scale. Here we can equip students with the education they need to implement a more sustainable mode of being into any facet of their lives.

Our online community is built through a strong social media presence linking together a community of like-minded participants. Through a variety of networks, such as Instagram, Facebook and Line, we are able to easily publish Shift information, with these platforms being fuelled by an increasing amount of user created content. As students interact with the program, their work, visuals and personal opinions are shared with the wider Shift community.

At the heart of the Shift program is our design competitions tailored to the context they work in, creating an opportunity for students to tackle environmental issues relevant to their local area. Through creative work and design led innovation, design that does not come from the existing market but rather creates a new market (Bucolo et al Wrigley 2013), the Shift program encourages future innovators and entrepreneurs. The competition requires students to push their creative practice and showcase to the wider community a new, sustainable innovation.

Our design competition relevant to Indonesia looks at the popular Aqua disposable cup. After re-designing a more sustainable version of the Aqua cup we ask students to brand it to an Indonesian markets. Features of the re-designed cup include:

1. Designed for Disassembly. The cup is completely made out of a single thermoplastic material, simplifying the manufacturing process and making it easier to recycle.

2. Its unique arrowhead shape, allowing it to tesselate when packaged, saving on space during transportation and hence, reducing air pollution.

3. And finally, being tailored to an Indonesian market. As products are required to be heavily packaged to contrast with the unsanitary environment in Indonesia, the design boasts a concealed drinking apparatus and transparent materiality to reinforce the cleanliness of the water.

By presenting the re-design competition we are able to engage students in a widespread and relevant problem. When engaging with the brief students learn about the different ways to create more sustainable products, something that will be extended on as the carry out the project. The competition creates a platform for us to promote and engage the students, as well as catch their attention through winner incentives. Ultimately we are able to apply their unique understanding of the culture to an environmental issue we have recognised. Once the Shift program has finished at a university whats left behind is an inspired and connected community.

– Sam Watson, Freya Orford-Dunne, Alexandra Shiel, Ellie Williams Roldan, Ashwin James and Melissa Yunita

Reference List

Bucolo, S. & Wrigley, C., 2013, Design led innovation as a means to sustain social innovation enterprises, CreateSpace Independant Publishing Platform, United States of America

Hoornweg, D., Bhada-Tata, P. 2012 “What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management”, Urban Development Series, vol. 15, viewed 11th of July 2015, < http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387-1334852610766/What_a_Waste2012_Final.pdf>

Clear Collective- Ali, Kwan, Josie and Robert


Throughout our time in Central Java, we have been exposed to various environmental challenges of the area. These problems we understand are layered and complex involving governments, industries, over consumption and over population, as well as vastly different types of community systems and environmental challenges specific to the area (Djadjadilaga, Sigit & Tejalaksana, 2008). After interviewing various activists and organisations as well as experiencing design initiatives in Salatiga and Yogyakarta, we have decided to address the lack of clarity and understanding of the types and causes of waste in Jakarta’s rivers. Where is our river waste coming from and where is it going? Our process developed as an investigation of waste disposal systems in Jakarta, our hope was to map the pollution of one river of Jakarta.

Through the process of mapping pollution of the Ciliwung river from upstream to downstream, we have understood and identified the problem to be multifaceted, and clouded by layers of lack of consistency in governmental programs, a large difference in community systems, and socio economic status along different areas of the river. This coupled with industry and agricultural pollution our solution for the future is to connect those that do not experience the pollution on a daily basis to the reality of Jakarta’s river and the reality of our joint responsibility (Hansen, 2010)

Our design initiative seeks to take the issue of Jakarta’s river into the future through connecting Jakarta’s community in a joint conversation about water pollution, ultimately raising awareness throughout society. Throughout our research, interviews and observations we have identified a problem with connecting certain communities of Jakarta to the reality of water pollution and waste who do not experience waste as poignantly and obviously as others like the river bank residents. Whilst we have been lucky enough to experience collectives and designers such as Sapu, XSproject, Ruangrupa and sustainable homestays such as bamboo bottle in Yogyakarta, not everyone is engaging in the discussion. Retno of XSProject identified the different attitudes of people in Jakarta, “it is much easier to educate poorer communities about waste management as they understand first hand what is happening” whilst other areas of Jakarta are able to turn a blind eye and hope the river will wash the waste away. Movements such as these “use art to encourage social and environmental change” (Crosby, 2007). The artistic project Clear Collective aims to correct this unequal level of engagement, awareness and responsibility of waste issues in Jakarta by creating an artistic platform for further conversation in differing areas and communities that do not experience river waste first hand and on a daily basis.

Clear Collective is a group of activists and artists focusing on transparent pop up art installations and structures in the hope to bring clarity and common understanding of waste issues in Jakarta. Our latest project is a visualization of our investigation or mapping of the waste of Ciliwung River. We have here a visualization of the waste patterns specifically to the Ciliwung River. The project seeks to encourage an open conversation about waste responsibility and accountability for all areas and communities of Jakarta, demonstrating that waste is a common responsibility. The pop up installation creates an artistic representation of the travelling waste, as the water falls through levels and it represents the water becoming increasingly polluted as the flow of the river moves from upstream to downstream. This is the opposite of a filtering system, the water is polluted from the top and continues as it flows down showing the gradual pollution of the Ciliwung River as the clean water moves through the waste ending downstream toxic and unusable.

Construction of Clear Collectives latest transparent structure
Construction of Clear Collectives latest transparent structure

The discussion and issue of waste management needs to be made accessible and digestible to the middle and upper class youth, a demographic that does not live with the extensive polluted rivers as their backyards. Through creating this artistic platform Clean Collective hopes to connect communities of Jakarta to participate in an interaction conversation to raise awareness about water pollution in Indonesia.

1.Djadjadilaga, M. Sigit, H. & Tejalaksana, A. 2008, From Data to Policy, Ciliwung River water quality management, viewed 9 July, <www.wepa-db.net/pdf/0810forum/paper22.pdf>

2. Hansen, A. 2010 ‘Our beloved rivers of waste’, contributer, Jakarta Post, Jakarta, Feb 2010, viewed 10 July <www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/02/09/our-beloved-rivers-waste.html>

3. Crosby, A. 2007 ‘Festival Mata Air’ in Inside Indonesia, Oct-Dec 2007, viewed 10 July <www.insideindonesia.org/festival-mata-air>


Indonesia is a country polarized by class, socio economic status, education and health. In such a large country in which a strong collectivist mentality is held a shift will only be observed through the engagement with Indonesian society as a whole.

It is the aforementioned collectivist mentality that needs to shift in order to see progressive change in Indonesia’s waste management strategies. Legislation, government-based initiatives and political reforms tackling waste management have proven to be inefficient and are ill-equipped to tackle the severity of the issue.

Jakarta’s 13.2 million population alone produces 6,250 tons of rubbish each day (World Population Review 2015), enough to fill a soccer pitch five meters deep (Lucas 2014). The lack of waste management systems have resulted in a myriad of environmental, health and social issues.

Designers, makers and thinkers are leading a social and cultural movement towards ethically sustainable futures and communities. Designers and collectives such as Sapu, XS projects, Kelingan and Ruangrupa are currently tackling the waste management issue in an engaging manner. Innovative techniques using products, systems and ideas such as upcycling and community driven initiatives are at the forefront of this change.

These ideas however, are facing a number of obstacles. Local groups have limited resources and understanding of consumer habits. Furthermore, the push toward rapid commercially driven design renders sustainable practices uneconomical.

Consequently it became clear to our group that the issue is not a matter of a improving the quality of the product. Rather, it’s the simple fact that these local designers cannot effectively communicate their ideas with the global community.

Our first hand research revealed that the organization such as Fair Trade use complex accreditation systems. This results in many local designers being unable to receive this necessary tick of approval.  In a market saturated with claims of sustainability it is essential for the consumer to be able to trust the products origin.

Unfortunately the complex procedures necessary to obtain a legitimate accreditation means many of these ethical brands are unable to connect to the global audience at which their products are targeted.

At Kolektif our aim is to discover, promote, manage and circulate fresh, innovative ideas of inspiring designers, while connecting Indonesia with a global audience. Kolektif is an online platform that independently accredits and promotes a curated collection of local produced and sustainably created products. We’re seeking to connect buyers to makers through promoting emotionally durable design. Our site promotes considered comsumption on consumer goods through unique distribution methods. These methods allow shipping costs to remain affordable while curbing the instant gratification that’s become ingrained in consumer culture.


Customers furthermore have access to a customizable app, triggering a dialogue and new forms of collaboration between global audiences. The ‘Meet the Maker’ blog further builds personable relationships between buyer and maker, allowing global audiences to have further insight into initial production right through to reception of their purchase.

In short, Kolektif is an open source, social marketplace that promotes local designers and grants them access to a global audience. We believe that through telling the stories of our partners we can help to promote a more personal dialogue with the maker. We firmly believe that consumers worldwide will respond positively and be more considered in their spending habits.

Through a global effort we will see real and effective change regarding waste management and sustainability. By connecting like-minded people, groups, collectives and organizations an environment can be established in which a realistic global effort can take place.


kolektif_app_screens_v01kolektif_app_screens_v014 kolektif_app_screens_v015

Sean Lurie – Simon Blanckensee – Paula Thomson – Emily Stone


Lucas, A. 2014, Jakartas Rubbish Nightmare, Inside Indonesia, Jakarta, viewed July 6 2015, <http://www.insideindonesia.org/jakartas-rubbish-nightmare>.

World Population Review 2015, World Population Review – Jakarta 2015, World Population Review, viewed July 6 2015, <http://worldpopulationreview.com/world-cities/jakarta-population/>.

Kembali Designs

Pendulum Pendant, Kembali Designs
Pendulum Pendant, Kembali Designs

We are Kembali designs, a non profit design company that has created a small-scale ‘system’ addressing environmental issues in an Indonesian/global context. Our design concept developed from experiencing rural and urban Indonesian life and the difficulties these areas face in addressing consumption and waste disposal as the Indonesian economy develops. Inorganic materials have quickly replaced traditional bio-degradable options and there is a divide between the embrace of these materials and development of sufficient waste infrastructure.

The International Development Research Centre) reports 55,000 tonnes of waste is produced in Indonesia’s urban areas everyday (MacMillan 2007). It is poorly managed and often burnt, leading to further air pollution. People also make money from trash picking as a result of this poor disposal management, however due to lack of government infrastructure and support, this often results in the creation of illegal, irresponsible dumping sites.

To counter the vast issues surrounding waste we have created a small-scale solution by working within the trash picking community – changing their practice to one which values and incentivises proper collection, sorting and disposal through weekly, localised workshops. We also provide information packs that provide this information and tools for better and safer practices.

It is integral for this informal sector to be integrated into larger waste management solutions, and Kembali facilities and incentivises this. Although the sale of large-scale consumer waste has been often opposed from those relying on trashpicking income, we work with both communities and businesses to find compromise. Water bottle brand Aqua founded recycling cooperatives in Tangerang, Bandung and Bali, where around 5,000 trashpickers are employed and have access to social services (GBI 2014) – an example of a relationship Kembali would facilitate.

To fund the program, we chose to employ traditional skills to create a high quality product to sell in a global market. The choice to create a product doesn’t immediately address garbage or trash, but addresses the waste of a neglected material; bamboo. Kembali aims to change the stigma surrounding bamboo, which locally will help proliferate its use and replace wasteful alternatives like teak furniture and concrete or brick housing. It also offers alternatives to plastic or metal designs that are harder to recycle and involve detrimental industrial processes. The creation of a new product, rather than an up-cycled product, also increases profit margins – funding our workshops and incentives.

Weaver at Kendangan Eco Village
Weaver at Kendangan Eco Village

Bamboo will treat you well if you use it right. Bamboo has been used in tropical regions for 1000’s of years. However, untreated bamboo gets eaten to dust, that why most people, especially in Asia believe that you couldn’t be poor enough to want to use bamboo. This is evident when travelling around Indonesia, you don’t see any bamboo being used in buildings or products. Bamboo forests do not require any fertilisers or pesticides, let alone any modest capital investment. Using safe treatment solutions such as Borax, a natural salt that will turn bamboo into a viable material.

The Indonesian culture fosters craftsmanship, and values the artisan. At Kembali we are combining the two with locally trained designers. In turn we hope to change people’s minds. Our designers respect the material and design for its strengths.

At Kembali no bonding agents or adhesives are used in the production of design to be more eco-friendly. The addition of secondary materials such as ceramic and glass establish a modern design for the global market – materials collected by our employed waste pickers and then refreshed in partnership with local businesses such as Indo Porcelain and BBC Glass. These materials are updated and re-redesigned annually. With the increase of e-waste, future secondary materials will include metals such as copper and aluminium, allowing Kembali to be an iconic and dynamic brand.

Facebook and Instagram are integrated into Kembali Designs model to disseminate ideas and awareness to a larger audience, greater than villages targeted through workshops. Social media is also used to market Kembali’s product range and foster interaction between buyers and artisans; QR codes link the buyer to information about their specific artisan and create a positive brand experience.

Kembali fosters relationships between formal and informal waste management systems, and promotes awareness of waste issues in Indonesia through various platforms with the aim of empowering people and eliminating this environmental and social problem.

Kembali Designs – 
Ada Alma Nafila, Alice Tims, Cherry Liu, Karina Smole, Woody Saulwick, Zachary Hanna


MacMillan, N. 2007, Community Solutions for Indonesia’s Waste, International Development Research Centre, viewed 10th July 2015.

Global Business Indonesia 2014, Sweeping Opportunities in Indonesian’s Waste Management Industry, Global Business Indonesia, viewed 10th July 2015.

PROJECT – Kompos Kit

Alessio Colli, Meredith Besseling, Nathanael Ivan, Sarah Fleetwood, Brinda Ambaram, Ellie Locke


The area of focus for our project has been tackling organic waste in the household using composting and a variety of other permaculture techniques. Our research topic was largely inspired by an interview with Aji, Jess’s brother-in-law who is an agricultural researcher and has implemented his own composting system and vegetable garden in his local restaurant. On further investigation, we found startling statistics. In 2008, garbage relating to organic matter (food scraps, vegetables, leaves etc) was estimated to make up a massive 58% of Indonesian waste generation (Anjani, 2011, p23). In 2011, household waste reached 16.7 million ton/year – over twice the proportion of any other sector (Anjani, 2011, p27). Our aim is to reduce the output of organic waste from rural communities into landfill, whilst simultaneously introducing more sustainable gardening and, on a larger scale, farming in central java.

Indonesia’s traditional farming methods were forgotten after the ‘Green Revolution’ was implemented in 1970 as a response to the global food shortage. This program was funded by the Suharto government and focused on the use of irrigation, high-yielding varieties, multiple monocultures of the rice crop and a drastic increase in the use of chemical fertilisers. Despite increasing short-term crop yields, the capitalising nature of the Green Revolution has had detrimental consequences on Indonesian farmers, agricultural practices, soil fertility and finances (Subejo, 2009). Likewise, the narrow-minded goal to improve quantities with a focus on fertilizers and infrastructure has made Indonesians oblivious to the impact of consumption’s other hand – waste.A3 COLOUR_BARREL FRUIT MARKET

A combination of traditional farming techniques with modern permaculture know-how such as the use of polycultures, companion planting and crop rotation would create an environmentally and economically sustainable future for Indonesian farmers and consumers. Organic farming would minimize disease outbreak, increase soil nutrition, and hence boost production (Edwards, 2010). Composting is an easy method of organic farming that could overshadow the convenience of waste-burning. Our Kompos Kit includes an upcycled 44 gallon drum, spray can for compost moistening, water bottles and balloons for soil aeration testing, marigold seeds for companion planting and a pair of gardening gloves. Each family receives one kit, including a double-sided pamphlet of comprehensive graphic illustrations.


Over a period of sixteen weeks volunteers engage with village communities to implement localised composting systems that yield rich fertilisers and make use of household and garden waste. The fertilisers are then used in conjunction with permaculutural practices to enhance the viability of crops and domestic gardens. At the end of the process, progress is evaluated and improvements are made to ensure a more efficient cycle.

16 Week schedule_UPDATED VECTORS_V1

Kampung members are more likely to adopt this new composting system if they are involved in personalisation and socialisation through communal activities such as painting the compost bin. In time, the benefits of this waste-minimising system will be proven as their dependent expense on chemical fertilisers diminishes and their soil and crops begin to prosper. Likewise an increase in biodiversity in the surrounding ecosystems will, over time, positively affect the health of the community in general.

Our Kompos Kit is designed as a start-up model for rural families. With practice and understanding of the composting system, farmers can develop the composting bin into larger-scale compost stacks. A similar project in Sukunan sold its compost to neighbouring villages, with demand quickly exceeding the supply (Jellinek, 2004, para 6). Another possible future for farming is to sell the crops at a higher pricepoint into the niche Organic market like the APPOLI organic rice initiative (VECO, 2013).



Anjani, A. 2011, Household Waste Management in Indonesia, Master Thesis, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Edwards, N. 2010, ‘In search of Sustainable Farming’, Inside Indonesia, accessed 10th July 2015

< http://www.insideindonesia.org/in-search-of-sustainable-farming&gt;

Jellinek, L. 2004, ‘Recycling in Sukunan’, Inside Indonesia, Java, accessed 10th July 2015

< http://www.insideindonesia.org/recycling-in-sukunan&gt;

Subejo, T. 2009, ‘Forty years after the ‘Green Revolution’’, Jakarta Post, news, accessed 10th July 2015


VECO, 2013, ‘First Export of APPOLI Organic Rice’, News, accessed 10th July 2015

< http://www.veco-ngo.org/news/first-export-appoli-organic-rice&gt;